Recent Consolidation Trends in the Nontraded REIT Sector

September 22, 2020

Recent Consolidation Trends in the Nontraded REIT Sector

September 22, 2020 | James Sprow | Blue Vault

The recent September 8, 2020, announcement by Resource of merger agreements for Resource Opportunity REIT (REIT I), Resource Opportunity REIT II (REIT II) and Resource Apartment REIT III (REIT III) continues a trend among nontraded REIT sponsors to consolidate their REIT programs to improve scale and diversification, reduce overhead, improve access to capital and enhance opportunities for liquidity. Resource has also recently completed a self-administration transaction that acquired the advisory or management contracts for each of the three REITs, bringing the management team of 45 or so people from Resource to be eventually employed by the new REIT entity to be named “Resource REIT.” The merger transaction will be voted upon by shareholders in October and, upon approval, be closed around the end of December.

In the Resource case, the new REIT structure will have approximately $3 billion in assets, 15,000 apartments, 51 properties in 15 states. As Alan Feldman stated in a recent webinar, “This makes us a decent-sized REIT, one certainly of the size and scale that can be a well-traded public company.” 

The announcement by Resource is just the latest instance of a merger between nontraded REITs with many of the same motivations:  increased scale and diversification, lower overhead, lower cost financing, and more attractive future liquidity options.   

Carter Validus Mission Critical REITs I and II

On April 11, 2019, Carter Validus Mission Critical REIT (CVMC) and Carter Validus Mission Critical REIT II (CVMC II) announced a merger whereby CVMC shareholders would receive $1.00 in cash and 0.4681 shares in CVMC II, the surviving REIT. The merger was consummated on October 4, 2019. As of June 30, 2020, CVMC II owned 150 properties, including 121 healthcare properties and 29 data centers. 

According to Michael Seton, CEO and President of Carter Validus Mission Critical REIT II, Inc. “We anticipate that the increased size and scale of CVMC REIT II will further enhance access to the capital markets and reduce the overall cost of debt capital.”

Steadfast Apartment REIT, Steadfast Income REIT and Steadfast Apartment REIT III

On August 6, 2019, Steadfast Apartment REIT (“STAR”), Steadfast Income REIT (“SIR”), and Steadfast Apartment REIT III (“STAR III”) entered into Agreements and Plans of Merger. On March 6, 2020, the mergers were consummated. Through the mergers, STAR acquired 36 multifamily properties with 10,166 apartment homes and a 10% interest in one unconsolidated joint venture that owned 20 multifamily properties with a total of 4,584 apartment homes, all of which had a gross real estate value of approximately $1.5 billion. At the effective time of the mergers, each issued and outstanding share of SIR and STAR III’s common stock (or a fraction thereof), was converted into 0.5934 and 1.430 shares of the Company’s common stock, respectively.

As of June 30, 2020, STAR owned and managed a diverse portfolio of 70 multifamily properties comprising a total of 21,835 apartment homes, three parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes and a 10% interest in one unconsolidated joint venture that owned 20 multifamily properties with a total of 4,584 apartment homes. Following the mergers, STAR had approximately $3.4 billion in gross real estate assets.

According to a press release, “While the merger does not provide a specific timeline relative to liquidity, Steadfast believes expanded capital sources and a larger, combined entity increase the potential liquidity opportunities that will be available.”

Carey Watermark Investors and Carey Watermark Investors 2

On October 22, 2019, Carey Watermark Investors 1 Incorporated (CWI 1) and Carey Watermark Investors 2 Incorporated (CWI 2) announced that the two companies had entered into a definitive merger agreement under which the two companies would merge in an all-stock transaction to create Watermark Lodging Trust (WLT), a $4.6 billion, internally-managed non-traded REIT with increased scale and operating efficiencies, positioning it for long-term value creation and liquidity, including a public listing or IPO. The merger was consummated on April 13, 2020, and an internalization of management occurred concurrently.   As of June 30, 2020, the REIT held ownership interests in 32 hotels, including two hotels recorded as equity interests. 

According to a public filing:

“There are two primary benefits of creating an internal management team: 

One is we will get a great team that already intimately knows our assets and they will become dedicated solely to the combined company. Second, the combined company will realize significant savings because all of the fees, participation and promotes go away.”

Pacific Oak Strategic Opportunity REITs I and II

On February 19, 2020, Pacific Oak Strategic Opportunity REIT, Inc. (“POSOR I”) and Pacific Oak Strategic Opportunity REIT II, Inc. (“POSOR II”) announced that the companies have entered into a definitive agreement to merge in a stock-for-stock transaction, creating a combined company with approximately $2.6 billion in gross real estate and real estate-related assets. This increased scale will improve the portfolio’s diversification and should reduce risks, provide opportunities to optimize the portfolio and pursue higher-growth investments, strengthen the balance sheet and expand access to capital. Stockholders will vote on the merger on October 1, 2020.

As a result of certain economies of scale from the proposed merger, the REITs expect general and administrative expenses to decline as a percentage of net operating income and as a percentage of stockholders’ equity. The external advisor to POSOR I and POSOR II agreed to waive the receipt of acquisition fees and disposition fees in the merger.

CIM Real Estate Finance Trust, Cole Office & Industrial REITs II and III, and Cole Credit Property Trust V

On August 31, 2020, CIM Real Estate Finance Trust, Inc. (“CMFT”), Cole Office & Industrial REIT (CCIT II), Inc. (“CCIT II”), Cole Office & Industrial REIT (CCIT III), Inc. (“CCIT III”) and Cole Credit Property Trust V, Inc. (“CCPT V”) announced that the companies have entered into definitive merger agreements whereby CMFT would acquire each of CCIT II, CCIT III and CCPT V in separate stock-for-stock, tax-free merger transactions. The pro forma combined company would have approximately $5.9 billion in total asset value, creating a leading commercial real estate credit-focused REIT with scale, primarily invested in net lease assets and commercial real estate debt. CMFT, CCIT II, CCIT III and CCPT V are non-traded REITs managed by affiliates of CIM Group, LLC.  CMFT is expected to ultimately realize approximately $3.5 million in annual savings as a result of operational efficiencies from the proposed mergers.  Each REIT is distributing approximately 5% of NV on an annualized basis as of August 2020.  The mergers are expected to make the distribution more sustainable and reduce costs.  The transactions are expected to close in Q4 2020. 

Recent History of Nontraded REIT Mergers Completed and Proposed


The mergers consummated and proposed among the 16 nontraded REITs listed above will reduce the total of nontraded REITs in the sector by ten.  The effects of the mergers, as described in the REITs’ public filings, should be to reduce costs, improve efficiencies, lower the cost of financing, and improve the prospects for future liquidity events, including public listings.  In interviews with other companies, the necessary scale for a nontraded REIT or private portfolio to list successfully and receive Wall Street analyst coverage is in the $4 billion to $5 billion total assets range. While two of the above REITs are already within that range, the others may find it more practical to merge with another listed REIT to give their shareholders a liquidity event. 

Source:  SEC

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July 29, 2015
February 22, 2016

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